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Solid waste management in Papua New Guinea - …

The Waste Management and Prevention Division oversees the use, treatment and handling of hazardous and solid wastes.

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Master Thesis In Waste Management

The upcoming regulation will also obligate companies to provide a guarantee of their compliance to the government in the form of a bank deposit that would be used to mitigate pollution if a company’s waste management system fails to meet environmental standards. The decision to impose more tangible consequences for companies that fail to abide by waste management guidelines is the latest in a growing list of laws put forward by the Indonesian government to combat the effects of a waste production rate rising by 2-4% annually (World Bank). Notable directives include Law No.18/2008, which is aimed at implementing the ‘3Rs’ of reduce, reuse and recycle by requiring homeowners to segregate their waste at the source as well as setting out steps for formal waste handling, and Law No. 32/2009, which requires companies to issue an Environmental Management Statement and have an Environmental Audit as a precondition for other business permits.

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Less constrained by land limitations than Singapore, Indonesia also presents opportunities in a composting industry now more attractive due to an increasing awareness amongst the general public of the need to separate organic from inorganic waste. Initiatives from local governments and private sector players such as Unilever Indonesia to introduce the concept of waste banks -- in which households separate their waste into different containers and then deposit non-organic solid waste at a collection point in their neighborhood in exchange for money that can be kept in an account at the waste bank or withdrawn – have had a substantial impact across the country in educating consumers and changing their behavior. Over 14,000 kg of inorganic waste was collected by local communities in Greater Jakarta less than a year after Unilever Indonesia’s program set up 10 waste banks in the area. This movement also leads to the creation of centralized recycling and collection points that build towards the basic infrastructure needed for lucrative composting business opportunities in Indonesia.

Phd Thesis Waste Management - …

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A more targeted approach to the composting industry can entail engaging in nappy composting; an area of waste management that holds significant potential in Indonesia given the high birth rate and increasing preference towards disposable nappies among the urbanised middle class (See ). With 4.7 million births per year (National Family Planning Coordinating Board), Indonesia’s fast growing population is making the waste management and recycling issue all the more pressing. Nappy composting has proved to be highly effective in New Zealand and the United Kingdom, and should have similar success in Indonesia given the implementation of active consumer education programs and facilities such as clearly marked disposal areas.

Past EAEE-ERE Theses in Sustainable Waste Management

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Student Research: Municipal Solid Waste Management …

The opportunities to investors approaching Indonesia as a producer of over 10 million tonnes of waste per year (Municipal Solid Waste Management and Waste to Energy in Indonesia; A Policy Review, Aretha Aprilia, Kyoto University) are far reaching and diverse. Foremost among these opportunities is tapping into the management and reuse of the country’s household waste.

Phd Thesis On Municipal Solid Waste Management

The most effective method in achieving this goal is the integration of scavengers into the formal sector through training and social empowerment programs. Whether through the state or private sector, this type of initiative is sorely needed to complement the broader goal of educating households, businesses and industries on their environmental obligations. Danone, the multinational producers of Indonesia’s leading bottled water brand Aqua, have demonstrated the feasibility of working with scavengers by founding recycling cooperatives in South Tangerang, Bandung and Bali. Through these projects, Danone has been able to create stable employment opportunities and provide access to social services and micro financing to approximately 5,000 scavengers; thereby lowering their dependence on informal waste collection.

Proposal on Solid Waste Management - SlideShare

Other opportunities include catering to a medical industry poised to produce more waste as a result of Indonesia’s universal healthcare scheme introduced in early 2014 (See ). Demand for international standard sterilization services and specialized transportation, incineration and landfill facilities is projected to reach unheralded levels as the country’s healthcare market doubles in size between 2012 and 2018 to reach $60.6 billion USD. When approaching an Indonesian healthcare sector still heavily reliant on public sector facilities to serve the lower and middle class segments of the population, foreign investors are best served working with companies that have an established customer network of public health clinics and hospitals.

Proposal on Solid Waste Management 1

The involvement of the informal sector is not limited to household waste. Reports from within the medical sector suggest that it is a common occurrence for a health clinic’s support staff to sell used medical equipment such as needles to scavengers as opposed to disposing of them through licensed waste management companies. With the recent implementation of a universal healthcare program, the magnitude of opportunities lost to Indonesia’s waste management and recycling sector due to scavengers stands to grow unless steps are taken to lessen the informal sector’s role.

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