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Law of foreign investment in Qatar

(2013) Indirect Expropriation in International Investment Law. PhD thesis, University of Trento.

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JUS5851 - International Investment Law - University of …

Alliance Venture Partners (AVP) Inc., acts as an investment holding vehicle, it is based in Toronto, Canada and incorporated under the law of Province of Ontario. The company has presence in US, Europe, India, Middle East & Africa. As generalist and opportunistic investor AVP aims to deliver significant returns on capital employed for its selected & predefined investments globally.

Swedish University essays about INTERNATIONAL LAW THESIS THESIS ON INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENT LAW

The knowledge and skills gained on this course are suitable for careers in government, international organizations, law firms and NGOs concerned with international development, trade, investment and finance.

HISTORY OF INVESTMENT LAW IN ETHIOPIA

The first debate relates to the formal relationship of EU law and bilateral investment treaties (BITs) of EU member states.

The thesis assesses one of the core problems arising in international investment law, namely, the conflicts that international investment treaties may create with other international agreements. This topic is so important because investment treaties are primarily intended to protect the interests of foreign investors, and do not clarify how they relate to other international agreements protecting interests that may compete with the interests of foreign investors. Tensions exist, inter alia, between international investment law and other branches of international law, such as human rights, international environmental, and EU law. These tensions are exacerbated by the fragmented nature of international investment law as a law governed by several thousand bilateral treaties. Ultimately, the multiple problems of fragmentation may put the legitimacy of international investment treaties and investor-state arbitration into question. This summary gives an overview of the approach, methods questions, hypothesis, presentation, and findings of the research, which are elaborated on in the 200 pages of the original thesis.

The thesis assesses one of the core problems arising in international investment law, namely, the conflicts that international investment treaties may create with other international agreements. This topic is so important because investment treaties are primarily intended to protect the interests of foreign investors, and do not clarify how they relate to other international agreements protecting interests that may compete with the interests of foreign investors. Tensions exist, inter alia, between international investment law and other branches of international law, such as human rights, international environmental, and EU law. These tensions are exacerbated by the fragmented nature of international investment law as a law governed by several thousand bilateral treaties. Ultimately, the multiple problems of fragmentation may put the legitimacy of international investment treaties and investor-state arbitration into question. This summary gives an overview of the approach, methods questions, hypothesis, presentation, and findings of the research, which are elaborated on in the 200 pages of the original thesis.

Laws related to commercial and investment matters are …

-comparison between Gulf countries (Qatar/ UAE / KSA) 3 and half pages:
• Compare between the Ownership interest percent based on different sectors ( such as real estate, industries, petroleum, agricultures)
• Show which country has the easier law for foreigner to invest their and which country has the difficult rules for foreigner to invest.
• Write about Foreign investment problems that the country face ( such as Dubai, most Indian want to enter the ministry and control there, since they half full control upon most of Dubai’s companies and they think this is right for them because they developed dubai/ how foreign investments affect politics)

The thesis examines the balance in the objectives of investment promotion in Ethiopia, i.e. the
enhancement of development and well-being in the context of environmental sustainability. The flower
sector is used for the purpose of thematic focus due to the tension that exists between the benefits in the
enhancement of cut flower exports and the corresponding challenges in labour conditions, environmental
compliance standards and in the sustainability of the economic benefits. In spite of the Ethiopian legal
framework on sustainable development, many economic actors tend to pursue its weaker interpretation
which is further debilitated by gaps in the institutional framework. There is thus the need for caveat
against delinking investment promotion towards economic development from social wellbeing and
environemntal sustainability which in the flower sector requires environmental mainstreaming (EM) and
sustainability impact assessment (SIA) so that illusive economic benefits would not lead to irreversible
environmental harm. It is argued that the contribution of investment promotion pursuits in Ethiopia’s
flower sector towards sustainable development and rising standards of living depends upon the extent to
which the sector moves towards sustainable floriculture which is drastically different from flower export
boom that arises from unprotected soil and water resources.
Three contradictions permeate the challenges toward sustainable floriculture in Ethiopia. The
ownership profile and the marketing niche of flower farms under distress show that domestic-owned
farms are the ones that are most severely hit by these challenges. The first contradiction arises from the
tension among the three (economic, social and environmental) pillars of sustainable development and the
institutional gaps despite laws that protect the environment. The second contradiction relates to the
tension between the positive role of technoscience in sectors such as floriculture vis-à-vis its hegemonic
features and the potential harm if it is improperly applied in developing countries. The third tension is
attributable to the buyer-driven global value chain which requires social and environmental compliance
standards in flower growing and meanwhile pushes down the profit margin of flower growers in
developing countries like Ethiopia. This not only puts pressure on working conditions and the
environment but also renders the economic benefits illusory and unsustainable.
The research is based on sociological and legal inquiries, and also includes case study which involves
in-depth interviews and on-site observations. The study, inter alia, recommends that hydroponics,
integrated pest management and multimodal water sources ought to be encouraged in all new flower
farms and future expansion projects. In the absence of such thresholds accompanied by enhanced
competitiveness and effective institutional capabilities of regulation and governance, the flower export
boom which results from unprotected soil and water resources is economically unsustainable and does not
bring about social wellbeing and environmental sustainability.

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    Thesis investment law – …

  • Law Dissertation Topics & Ideas - Law Teacher

    International trade and investment law is central to the workings of our interdependent economies

  • Law Dissertation Topics & Ideas

    Non-Discrimination and the Role of Regulatory Purpose in International Trade and Investment Law

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Normative conflicts in international investment law: …

The thesis examines the balance in the objectives of investment promotion in Ethiopia, i.e. the
enhancement of development and well-being in the context of environmental sustainability. The flower
sector is used for the purpose of thematic focus due to the tension that exists between the benefits in the
enhancement of cut flower exports and the corresponding challenges in labour conditions, environmental
compliance standards and in the sustainability of the economic benefits. In spite of the Ethiopian legal
framework on sustainable development, many economic actors tend to pursue its weaker interpretation
which is further debilitated by gaps in the institutional framework. There is thus the need for caveat
against delinking investment promotion towards economic development from social wellbeing and
environemntal sustainability which in the flower sector requires environmental mainstreaming (EM) and
sustainability impact assessment (SIA) so that illusive economic benefits would not lead to irreversible
environmental harm. It is argued that the contribution of investment promotion pursuits in Ethiopia’s
flower sector towards sustainable development and rising standards of living depends upon the extent to
which the sector moves towards sustainable floriculture which is drastically different from flower export
boom that arises from unprotected soil and water resources.
Three contradictions permeate the challenges toward sustainable floriculture in Ethiopia. The
ownership profile and the marketing niche of flower farms under distress show that domestic-owned
farms are the ones that are most severely hit by these challenges. The first contradiction arises from the
tension among the three (economic, social and environmental) pillars of sustainable development and the
institutional gaps despite laws that protect the environment. The second contradiction relates to the
tension between the positive role of technoscience in sectors such as floriculture vis-à-vis its hegemonic
features and the potential harm if it is improperly applied in developing countries. The third tension is
attributable to the buyer-driven global value chain which requires social and environmental compliance
standards in flower growing and meanwhile pushes down the profit margin of flower growers in
developing countries like Ethiopia. This not only puts pressure on working conditions and the
environment but also renders the economic benefits illusory and unsustainable.
The research is based on sociological and legal inquiries, and also includes case study which involves
in-depth interviews and on-site observations. The study, inter alia, recommends that hydroponics,
integrated pest management and multimodal water sources ought to be encouraged in all new flower
farms and future expansion projects. In the absence of such thresholds accompanied by enhanced
competitiveness and effective institutional capabilities of regulation and governance, the flower export
boom which results from unprotected soil and water resources is economically unsustainable and does not
bring about social wellbeing and environmental sustainability.

03/01/2018 · HLS Dissertations, Theses, and JD Papers

The broad argument of the thesis is that the relationship of EU law and member states' investment treaties should not be decided on the basis of the Commission's formal arguments, but by discussing the different political visions upon which the opposing arguments depend.

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