What is the Projective Hypothesis? - BrainMass
The projective hypothesis assumes that individuals will often reveal information about their intrapsychic functioning when
Projective Hypothesis - Springer
Measures often administered in conjunction with a Projective Battery
Apperception Test (CAT)
House Tree Person
Draw A Person Test
represents fantasy and intellectual area
defensive and withdrawn
Smoke from chimney:
(In great profusion)
considerable inner tension
Transparent (“glass box”):
of being watched or desires to exhibit self
frequently represent specific persons,
if tree seems to shelter house, strong needs for dependence and / or feelings of parental dominance are suggested
reveal more about thoughts, fantasies, and
than testing with direct questions.
Developed to be as
vague as possible
most amount of projection as possible can occur
Projective hypothesis by Regina Nakamura - issuu
There are three different formulations of the continuumhypothesis—the interpolant version,the well-ordering version, and the surjectionversion. These versions are all equivalent to one another in ZFC butwe shall be imposing a definability constraint and in this case therecan be interesting differences (our discussion followsMartin (1976)). There is really a hierarchy of notionsof definability—ranging up through the Borel hierarchy, theprojective hierarchy, the hierarchy in (ℝ), and, moregenerally, the hierarchy of universally Baire sets—and so eachof these three general versions is really a hierarchy of versions,each corresponding to a given level of the hierarchy ofdefinability (for a discussion of the hierarchy ofdefinability see and §4.6 of the entry “”).
Use your imagination and remember that there are no right or wrong answers for the picture.”
Assists the examiner in determining how well the child:
reads social cues
recognizes and solves interpersonal problems
copes with difficulties
makes use of social and emotional resources
The test focuses on the child's social understanding as expressed in free narrative, reflecting both developmental and clinical concerns.
Advantages of projective hypothesis in psychology
There are no hard and fast rules
All but the most ardent proponents suggest that the protocol be analyzed in the context of other tests results and clinical information
Scoring the Rorschach
Exner’s Comprehensive System – Developed in 1974
(Beck Scoring System and the Klopfer Method precursers to Exner)
location, developmental quality, Z sum, determinants: form (quality), movement, color (chromatic/achromatic), texture, dimensionality, diffuse shading, reflection and pairs (egocentrism), popular responses
Uses norms for five groups: nonpatient, outpatient nonpsychotic, inpatient character problem, inpatient depressive, inpatient schizophrenic
Scoring the Rorschach: Exner & Rorschach Performance Assessment System® (R-PAS®)
Developed during the 1930s by the American psychologist
total time taken to complete the drawing
Now Let's Review your Sample House Drawing and Scoring Template.
Now Its Your Turn!
On your 3 pieces of paper draw a house, tree, and person on each individual page.
CNS - Cannot Say
VRIN-r -Variable Response Inconsistency
TRIN-r -True Response Inconsistency
F-r - Infrequent Responses
Fp-r - Infrequent Psychopathology Responses
Fs - Infrequent Somatic Responses
FBS-r - Symptom Validity
RBS - Response Bias
L-r - Uncommon Virtues
K-r - Adjustment Validity
Restructured Clinical (RC) Scales
RC1-(som) -Somatic Complaints
RC2-(lpe) - Low Positive Emotions
RC3-(cyn) - Cynicism
RC4-(asb) - Antisocial Behavior
RC6-(per) - Ideas of Persecution
RC7-(dne) - Dysfunctional Negative Emotions
RC8-(abx) - Aberrant Experiences
RC9-(hpm) -Hypomanic Activation
Somatic / Cognitive Scales
MLS - Malaise
GIC - Gastro-Intestinal Complaints
HPC -Head Pain Complaints
NUC -Neurological Complaints
COG -Cognitive Complaints
SUI - Suicidal/Death Ideation
HLP - Helplessness/Hopelessness
SFD - Self-Doubt
STW -Stress / Worry
AXY - Anxiety
ANP -Anger Proneness
BRF - Behavior-Restricting Fears
MSF -Multiple Specific Fears
JCP - Juvenile Conduct Problems
SUB -Substance Abuse
ACT - Activation
Historical Foundations of Projective Measures
Experiments with Word Association Methods, 1879
Interpretation of Dreams, 1900
Word Association Lists, 1910
Myers & Briggs:
created the indicator during World War II, believing that a knowledge of personality preferences would help women who were entering the industrial workforce for the first time to identify the sort of war-time jobs that would be "
most comfortable and effective
The initial questionnaire grew into the
Myers-Briggs Type Indicator
, which was first published in 1962.
Projective Tests The Projective Hypothesis The Problem The
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He was the first to claim that some people make idiosyncratic or revealing interpretations
In 1896, Alfred Binet suggested that inkblots might be used to assess personality (not psychopathology)
Herman Rorschach, a Swiss psychiatrist, was the first to suggest (1911) the use of inkblot responses as a diagnostic instrument
In 1921 he published his book on the test, Psychodiagnostik (and soon thereafter died, age 38)
Rorschach's test was not well-received, attracting little notice until...
David Levy brought it to the United States
His student, Samuel Beck, popularized its use here, writing several papers and books on it starting with Configurational Tendencies in Rorschach Responses (1933)
Several other early users also published work on the Rorschach
Several offered their own system of administration, scoring, and interpretation, leading to later problems in standardization
The test is usually administered with as little instruction and information as possible
The tester asks 'What might this be?' and gives no clues or restrictions on what is expected as a response
Anxious subjects often do ask questions, and vague answers are offered
Some advocate sitting beside the subject to avoid giving clues by facial expression
If only one response is given, some hint to find more may be offered: "Some people see more than one thing.“
The orientation of the card and subject RT is recorded
Administering the Rorschach
The cards are shown twice
The first time responses are obtained - free association phase
The second time they are elaborated – inquiry phase
The test administrator asks about:
i.) Location: Where did the subject see each item?
A location chart is used to mark location
W = whole; D = Common detail; Dd = Unusual detail; DW = Confabulatory response
i.) Determinant: What determined the response?
Indisputably, the next major milestone was laid by Melanie Klein (4)
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Applied Mathematics Department - Brown University
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