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The matching hypothesis - A-Level Psychology - …

Not until 1967 were laws outlawing interracial marriageabolished in the United States. Prior to that time, an individualfrom one race who married an individual from another could bejailed and fined. These laws were referred to as laws (miscegenation means"mixing races"). This was the experience of Mildred and RichardLoving, who married in 1958 in Washington D.C., a district in theUS that no longer had a law against interracial marriage. Mildred was black;Richard was white. When they moved to Virginia shortly after theirwedding, law enforcement decided to prosecute them, breaking intotheir home in the middle of the night and carrying them off tojail. Both Mildred andRichard were from Virginia, where their extended family stilllived. The judge who heard their case, Leon M. Bazile, told theLovings during their trial for miscegenation that, 'if God hadmeant for whites and blacks to mix, he would have not placed themon different continents.' He also seemed totake pride in telling the Lovings, "as long as you live you will beknown as a felon." The Lovingseventually contacted the , who took their case to the Supreme Court in 1967,resulting in , whichabolished miscegenation laws in the U.S. Even so, as the diagram tothe right indicates, attitudes toward interracial marriage did notimmediately improve. Still as late as 2002, close to 10% of peoplein the U.S. favored a law prohibiting interracial marriage.

The Matching hypothesis was formulated by Goffman ..

Once an experiment is complete, a researcher determines whetherthe results (or data) gathered are what was predicted. If theexperimental conclusions fail to match the predictions/hypothesis,then one returns to the failed hypothesis and re-iterates theprocess - modifying one's theory or developing a new one. If theexperiment appears successful - i.e. fits the hypothesis -the experimenter often will attempt to publish the results so thatothers (in theory) may reproduce the same experimental results,verifying the findings in the process.

15/01/2011 · Argued for the Matching Hypothesis, ..

The Matching Hypothesis The Matching hypothesis was formulated by Goffman (1952)

Although there is no definitive explanation for the recentepidemic of obesity, the hypothesis comesclosest to providing some understanding of this phenomenon. Intimes when food was scarce, the ability to take advantage of rareperiods of abundance and use such abundance by storing energyefficiently was undoubtedly an evolutionary advantage. This isprecisely the opposite of what is required in a sedentary society,where high-energy food is available in abundant quantities in thecontext of decreased exercise. Although many people may have agenetic propensity towards obesity, it is only with the reductionin physical activity and a move towards high-calorie diets ofmodern society that it has become so widespread.

Conversely, there people who have religious ceremonies that arenot recognized by civil authorities. Examples include who stand to lose a pension if they remarry and so undergo amarriage only in the eyes of God and the community; homosexualcouples (where same-sex marriage is not legally recognized); somesects which recognize polygamy (see, ), retiredcouples who would lose pension benefits if legally married, Muslimmen who wish to engage in polygamy that is condoned in somesituations under , and immigrants who do not wish to alertthe immigration authorities that they are married either to aspouse they are leaving behind or because the complexity ofimmigration laws may make it difficult for spouses to visit on atourist visa.

A Challenge to the Matching Hypothesis…. – Laura’s …

Matching hypothesis | Psychology Wiki | FANDOM …

Devah Pager and Lincoln Quillian compared employers'responses on questions involving race-related hiring practices totheir actual hiring practices by sending matched pairs of young mento apply for jobs, either both of European descent or both ofAfrican descent, but one of the men had a criminal record. Pagerand Quillian found that employers claimed they would be much morewilling to hire an ex-offender than they were. Additionally, whilethe survey results showed no difference in hiring preferencesbetween African-Americans and European-Americans, employers weremore than three times as likely to call job applicants with aEuropean lineage back in comparison to Americans with an Africanlineage. In short, Pager and Quillian found that employers, intheir survey responses, were more open to the idea of hiring bothAfrican-Americans and ex-offenders than they were too the actualpractice.

Women in some organizations are suing their employers claiminggender discrimination. For instance, is currently facing a lawsuit bysome of its female employees who allege gender discrimination. Partof the plaintiffs' argument rests on the fact that, while roughly75% of intra-store department heads are women, only 20% of storemanagers (who make close to $100,000 per year) are women. It isdifficult to prove discrimination in such cases. In fact, manyresearchers point out that there may and probably are other rootcauses, including: differences in gender socialization (men believethey need to support their families as the primary breadwinners,leading to greater job commitment) and emphasis by the governmenton equality in pay and opportunity between genders.

MATCHING HYPOTHESIS - Revision Notes in A Level …
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  • Argued for the Matching Hypothesis, ..

    What are matching hypothesis

  • Origins of Matching Hypothesis | Physical …

    to choose partners whose physical attractiveness is equal to their own, leading to the so-called “matching hypothesis

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    HUSTON argued that the evidence for the matching hypothessis didn't come from matching …

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Matching Hypothesis Introduction help - The Student …

Thus, an additional key assessment of individuals with MI is their competence, for example, the ability to make treatment decisions and to manage money (see Pescosolido et al 1999).Finally, a central assumption in research and policy statements is that awareness of treatment “efficacy” and awareness on the part of the public will reduce stigmatizing responses (DHHS 1999; Arikan 1999?).Drawing from this, we hypothesize:

A test of the matching hypothesis

In the realm of other disciplines, this created a pressure toexpress ideas in the form of mathematical relationships. Suchrelationships, called Laws after the usage of the time(see ) becamethe model that other disciplines would emulate. In the late 19thcentury, attempts to apply equations to statements about humanbehavior became increasingly common. Among the first were theLaws of philology, which attempted to map the change overtime of sounds in a language. In the early 20th century, a wave ofchange came to science that saw studysufficiently mathematical to be science.

Deductions from the Resource Matching Hypothesis

In the realm of other disciplines, this created a pressure toexpress ideas in the form of mathematical relationships. Suchrelationships, called Laws after the usage of the time(see ) becamethe model that other disciplines would emulate. In the late 19thcentury, attempts to apply equations to statements about humanbehavior became increasingly common. Among the first were theLaws of philology, which attempted to map the changeovertime of sounds in a language. In the early 20th century, a waveof change came to science. and were sufficientlydeveloped be considered "scientific", resulting in the widespreaduse of statistics in the social sciences (they are also widely usedin most other sciences as well, including biology).

The matching hypothesis was only partly supported.

Variables are measurable phenomena whose values can change(e.g., class status can range from lower- to upper-class). Adependent variable is a whose values arepresumed to change as a result of the independent variable. Inother words, the value of a dependent variable depends onthe value of the independent variable. Of course, this assumes thatthere is an actual relationship between the two variables. If thereis no relationship, then the value of the dependentvariable does not depend on the value of the independentvariable. An independent variable is a variable whosevalue is manipulated by the experimenter (or, in the case ofnon-experimental analysis, changes in the society and is measured).Perhaps an example will help clarify. In a study of the influenceof gender on promotion, the independent variable would begender/sex. Promotion would be the dependent variable. Change inpromotion is hypothesized to be dependent on gender.

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