The linguistic relativity hypothesis suggests that
11/12/2015 · The linguistic relativity hypothesis of Benjamin Whorf's suggests which of the following
The linguistic relativity hypothesis suggests.
Research against the Sapir-Whorfing hypothesis suggests that it is phototoxicity, rather than linguistic relativity, producing observed categorical perception differences (Lindsey & Brown, 2002).
Like many other relativistic themes, the hypothesis of linguisticrelativity became a serious topic of discussion in late-eighteenth andnineteenth-century Germany, particularly in the work of Johann GeorgHamann (1730-88), Johann Gottfried Herder (1744-1803), and Wilhelm vonHumboldt (1767-1835). It was later defended by thinkers as diverse asErnst Cassirer and Peter Winch. Thus Cassirer tells us that
Linguistic relativity - Wikipedia
The range of evidence for linguistic relativity suggests Sapir and Whorf’s supposition is not only supported, but has valuable implications for cross-cultural communication and empathy.
Research Against the Sapir-Whorfing Hypothesis
Yet, support for the Sapir-Whorfing hypothesis was not always so broadly distributed and robust.
After updating Rosch’s methodology, Roberson and colleagues (2000) found evidence of linguistic relativity in a group similar to the Dani.
Some research suggests that color perception differences between those who speak different languages are not due to the language, but to the environmental factors that affect vision.
Motivation, Memory, Intelligence Flashcards | Quizlet
For the most part discussions of the linguistic relativityhypothesis have focused on grammar and lexicon as independentvariables. Thus, many of Whorf's claims, e.g., his claims about the wayHopi thought about time, were based on (what he took to be) large-scaledifferences between Hopi and Standard Average European that includedgrammatical and lexical differences (e.g., 1956, p. 158).Subsequence research by Ekkehart Malotki (e.g., 1983) and otherssuggests that Whorf's more dramatic claims were false, but theimportant point here is that the most prominent versions of thelinguistic relativity hypothesis involved large-scale features oflanguage.
Human languages are flexible and extensible, so most things that canbe said in one can be approximated in another; if nothing else, wordsand phrases can be borrowed (Schadenfreude, je ne saisquoi). But what is easy to say in one language may be harder tosay in a second, and this may make it easier or more natural or morecommon for speakers of the first language to think in a certain waythan for speakers of the second language to do so. A concept orcategory may be more available in some linguistic communities than inothers (e.g., Brown, 1956, pp. 307ff). In short, the linguisticrelativity hypothesis comes in stronger and weaker forms, depending onthe hypothesized forms and the hypothesized strength of thehypothesized influence.
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Linguistic relativity Flashcards | Quizlet
The the linguistic relativity hypothesis suggests that concept silas marner essay topics of evidence
SAGE Reference - Linguistic Relativity
The "levels-of-processing" concept of Craik and Lockhart would suggests ..
14/01/2018 · Linguistic relativity
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Language and Thought | Linguistic Society of America
In light of the vast literature on linguistic relativity hypotheses,one would expect that a good deal of careful experimental work had beendone on the topic. It hasn't. Often the only evidence cited infavor of such hypotheses is to point to a difference between twolanguages and assert that it adds up to a difference in modes ofthought. But this simply assumes what needs to be shown, namely thatsuch linguistic differences give rise to cognitivedifferences. On the other hand, refutations of the hypothesis oftentarget implausibly extreme versions of it or proceed as thoughrefutations of it in one domain (e.g., color language and colorcognition) show that it is false across the board.
A reformulation of the linguistic relativity hypothesis.
Some writers have linked these themes directly to issues inmetaphysics. For example Graham (1989, Appendix 2) argues that thereare vast differences among human languages and that many of theconcepts or categories (e.g., physical object, causation, quantity)writers like Aristotle and Kant and Strawson held were central, evenindispensable, to human thought, are nothing more than parochialshadows cast by the structure of Indo-European languages. Thesenotions, it is said, have no counterparts in many non-Indo-Europeanlanguages like Chinese. If this is so, then a fairly strong version ofthe linguistic relativity hypothesis might be true, but the thesishasn't been backed with strong empirical evidence and the most commonviews today lie at the opposite end of the spectrum. Indeed, Whorfhimself held a similar view:
List of English words derived from Sanskrit
There are connections among some of these writers; for example,Sapir wrote his M.A. thesis on Herder's Origin of Language.Still, this is a remarkably diverse group of thinkers who often arrivedat their views by different routes, and so it is not surprising thatthe linguistic relativity hypothesis comes in a variety of forms.
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The suggestion that different languages carve the world up indifferent ways, and that as a result their speakers think about itdifferently has a certain appeal. But questions about the extent andkind of impact that language has on thought are empirical questionsthat can only be settled by empirical investigation. And althoughlinguistic relativism is perhaps the most popular version ofdescriptive relativism, the conviction and passion of partisans on bothsides of the issue far outrun the available evidence. As usual indiscussions of relativism, it is important to resist all-or-nonethinking. The key question is whether there are interesting anddefensible versions of linguistic relativism between those that aretrivially true (the Babylonians didn't have a counterpart of the word‘telephone’, so they didn't think about telephones) andthose that are dramatic but almost certainly false (those who speakdifferent languages see the world in completely different ways).
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