Organic chemistry: “R and S naming”
Organic chemistry: “Stereochemistry”. Stereochemistry. carbons ("") vs. molecules. molecules. and . R and S naming
Organic chemistry: more on electron-pushing arrows
Organic chemistry: “”. How to make and alkyl (). Reactions of and alkyl (with solvents, and , and ). Synthesis problems—using radical , E2, SN2, oxidation (PCC), and for synthesis. The “” technique for solving synthesis problems.
Organic chemistry: “Electron-pushing arrows”. How to use electron-pushing arrows, also known as “curved arrows,” to draw intermediates and products in reaction mechanisms.
Organic chemistry: “ of aliphatic and aromatic amines”
Organic chemistry: “Another introduction to proton NMR”. Introduction to proton NMR (nuclear magnetic resonance) spectroscopy. Equivalent vs. nonequivalent ; chemical shift; integration; spin-spin splitting. Degrees of
Organic chemistry: “Introduction to proton NMR spectroscopy”. Introduction to proton NMR (nuclear magnetic resonance) spectroscopy. Equivalent vs. nonequivalent ; chemical shift; integration; spin-spin splitting.
Handbook of Reagents for Organic Synthesis, Oxidizing and ..
Organic chemistry: “Introduction to mass spectrometry”. Mass spectrometry. Molecular/parent ion; base peak. Carbon-13; bromine and chlorine isotopes. Fragmentation and substitution
Organic chemistry: “Addition to alkenes: H2, HX, H2O”. addition reactions. Addition of H2 (hydrogenation). additions: addition of HX (); addition of H2SO4, H2O (hydration); addition of H2SO4, ROH. Addition of HX in presence of ROOR (radical addition using peroxide initiator). : vs. anti-
Description of various reagents used in organic chemistry
Handbook of Reagents for Organic Synthesis: Oxidizing …
Organic chemistry: “Synthesis using addition to alkenes”. Some synthesis problems involving alkenes and addition.
Reducing Agents - Organic chemistry
Organic chemistry: “ rule: aromatic vs. ”. Using rule to determine whether a molecule is aromatic, , or
Organic synthesis: Oxidizing Agents ..
Organic chemistry: “ and . and ”. attack on and ; the three main categories of attack.
handbook of reagents for organic synthesis oxidizing …
Organic chemistry: “Carboxylic acids”. Acidity of carboxylic acids; ranking compounds in order of acidity; acid/base reactions with carboxylic acids; extraction (laboratory separation technique). Carbonation (reaction of Grignard reagent with carbon dioxide to form carboxylic acid). Reduction of carboxylic acids with lithium aluminum hydride (LiAlH4, or LAH) to form alcohols. Reaction of carboxylic acids with SOCl2 ( chloride) to form chlorides.
Handbook of Reagents for Organic Synthesis, Oxidizing …
Organic chemistry: “Carboxylic acids and acid derivatives”. Acidity of carboxylic acids; ranking compounds in order of acidity. How to synthesize carboxylic acids: oxidation; carbonation; hydrolysis. The types of carboxylic acid derivative. The general pattern for attack on carboxylic acids and acid derivatives (addition-elimination). . Ranking carboxylic acids derivatives in order of reactivity
Sulfur reagents in organic synthesis
Organic chemistry: “Michael addition. Robinson ”. Michael addition (conjugate addition of ions). Robinson (Michael addition followed by condensation).
List of reagents This article ..
Organic chemistry: “More on carboxylic acid derivatives”. attack on carboxylic acid derivatives, including , ester hydrolysis, attack by on esters, amide hydrolysis
Methods - Synthesis & Techniques
Organic chemistry: “More on and ”. attack on and ; the three main categories of attack. Two category 1 reactions: attack by a Grignard to form an alcohol; attack by LAH to form an alcohol. A category 2 reaction: attack by alcohol in acidic conditions to form an or . A category 2 “reverse” reaction: reaction of an or with aqueous acid to form an or
of Reagents for Organic Synthesis ..
Organic chemistry: “ aromatic substitution”. aromatic substitution of benzene. Substitution through intermediates. Summary of methods for synthesis of phenols. oxidation to carboxylic acids; synthesis problems involving oxidation. Radical
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