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This is also the rate-limiting step of gluconeogenesis

Biosynthesis - Wikipedia

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Precursor for biosynthesis of sugar moiety of …

N2 - The biosynthesis of spectinomycin (1) has been studied with specifically and stereospecifically labeled glucose as precursors. The results further define the mode of conversion of glucose into the actinamine (2) moiety of 1 and show that the formation of the cyclitol portion by myo-inositol-1-phosphate synthase involves stereospecific loss of the pro-R hydrogen from C-6 of glucose 6-phosphate. The TDP-glucose oxidoreductase reaction is implicated in the formation of the 4,6-dideoxyhexose moiety of 1 by the demonstration of an intramolecular hydrogen transfer from C-4 to C-6 of the hexose, which occurs with the same stereochemistry, i.e., replacement of OH at C-6 by H-4 in an inversion mode, that has been demonstrated for the enzyme from E. coli and from another streptomycete.

Gluconeogenesis: Synthesis of New Glucose

Glycogen, a branched polymer of glucose, is well known as a cellular reserve of metabolic energy and/or biosynthetic precursors. Besides glucose, however, glycogen contains small amounts of covalent phosphate, present as C2 and C3 phosphomonoesters. Current evidence suggests that the phosphate is introduced by the biosynthetic enzyme glycogen synthase as a rare alternative to its normal catalytic addition of glucose units. The phosphate can be removed by the laforin phosphatase, whose mutation causes a fatal myoclonus epilepsy called Lafora disease. The hypothesis is that glycogen phosphorylation can be considered a catalytic error and laforin a repair enzyme.

Gluconeogenesis is the biosynthesis of new glucose, ..

11/03/2012 · Cloning of an Enzyme That Synthesizes a Key Nucleotide-Sugar Precursor of Hemicellulose Biosynthesis from Soybean:UDP-Glucose …

(Chemical Equation Presented) The biosynthesis of the 3,4-dihydroxybenzoate moieties of the siderophore petrobactin, produced by B. anthracis str. Sterne, was probed by isotopic feeding experiments in iron-deficient media with a mixture of unlabeled and D-[13C6]glucose at a ratio of 5:1 (w/w). After isolation of the labeled siderophore, analysis of the isotopomers was conducted via one-dimensional 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy, as well as 13C-13C DQFCOSY spectroscopy. Isotopic enrichment and 13C-13C coupling constants in the aromatic ring of the isolated siderophore suggested the predominant route for the construction of the carbon backbone of 3,4-DHB (1) involved phosphoenol pyruvate and erythrose-4-phosphate as ultimate precursors. This observation is consistent with that expected if the shikimate pathway is involved in the biosynthesis of these moieties. Enrichment attributable to phosphoenol pyruvate precursors was observed at C1 and C6 of the aromatic ring, as well as into the carboxylate group, while scrambling of the label into C2 was not. This pattern suggests 1 was biosynthesized from early intermediates of the shikimate pathway and not through later shikimate intermediates or aromatic amino acid precursors.

The biosynthesis of spectinomycin (1) has been studied with specifically and stereospecifically labeled glucose as precursors. The results further define the mode of conversion of glucose into the actinamine (2) moiety of 1 and show that the formation of the cyclitol portion by myo-inositol-1-phosphate synthase involves stereospecific loss of the pro-R hydrogen from C-6 of glucose 6-phosphate. The TDP-glucose oxidoreductase reaction is implicated in the formation of the 4,6-dideoxyhexose moiety of 1 by the demonstration of an intramolecular hydrogen transfer from C-4 to C-6 of the hexose, which occurs with the same stereochemistry, i.e., replacement of OH at C-6 by H-4 in an inversion mode, that has been demonstrated for the enzyme from E. coli and from another streptomycete.

THE BIOSYNTHESIS OF CELL WALL CARBOHYDRATES: GLUCOSE …

AB - The biosynthesis of spectinomycin (1) has been studied with specifically and stereospecifically labeled glucose as precursors. The results further define the mode of conversion of glucose into the actinamine (2) moiety of 1 and show that the formation of the cyclitol portion by myo-inositol-1-phosphate synthase involves stereospecific loss of the pro-R hydrogen from C-6 of glucose 6-phosphate. The TDP-glucose oxidoreductase reaction is implicated in the formation of the 4,6-dideoxyhexose moiety of 1 by the demonstration of an intramolecular hydrogen transfer from C-4 to C-6 of the hexose, which occurs with the same stereochemistry, i.e., replacement of OH at C-6 by H-4 in an inversion mode, that has been demonstrated for the enzyme from E. coli and from another streptomycete.

AB - Glycogen, a branched polymer of glucose, is well known as a cellular reserve of metabolic energy and/or biosynthetic precursors. Besides glucose, however, glycogen contains small amounts of covalent phosphate, present as C2 and C3 phosphomonoesters. Current evidence suggests that the phosphate is introduced by the biosynthetic enzyme glycogen synthase as a rare alternative to its normal catalytic addition of glucose units. The phosphate can be removed by the laforin phosphatase, whose mutation causes a fatal myoclonus epilepsy called Lafora disease. The hypothesis is that glycogen phosphorylation can be considered a catalytic error and laforin a repair enzyme.

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  • Protein Biosynthesis*/drug effects;

    Gluconeogenesis - Wikipedia

  • pH regulation and precursors and glucose feeding

    Synthesis of glucose from three and four carbon precursors is essentially a reversal of glycolysis.

  • Glucose/metabolism* Glutamates/biosynthesis*

    Carbohydrate Biosynthesis

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Antioxidants | An Open Access Journal from MDPI

N2 - Glycogen, a branched polymer of glucose, is well known as a cellular reserve of metabolic energy and/or biosynthetic precursors. Besides glucose, however, glycogen contains small amounts of covalent phosphate, present as C2 and C3 phosphomonoesters. Current evidence suggests that the phosphate is introduced by the biosynthetic enzyme glycogen synthase as a rare alternative to its normal catalytic addition of glucose units. The phosphate can be removed by the laforin phosphatase, whose mutation causes a fatal myoclonus epilepsy called Lafora disease. The hypothesis is that glycogen phosphorylation can be considered a catalytic error and laforin a repair enzyme.

Antioxidants, an international, peer-reviewed Open Access journal.

N2 - (Chemical Equation Presented) The biosynthesis of the 3,4-dihydroxybenzoate moieties of the siderophore petrobactin, produced by B. anthracis str. Sterne, was probed by isotopic feeding experiments in iron-deficient media with a mixture of unlabeled and D-[13C6]glucose at a ratio of 5:1 (w/w). After isolation of the labeled siderophore, analysis of the isotopomers was conducted via one-dimensional 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy, as well as 13C-13C DQFCOSY spectroscopy. Isotopic enrichment and 13C-13C coupling constants in the aromatic ring of the isolated siderophore suggested the predominant route for the construction of the carbon backbone of 3,4-DHB (1) involved phosphoenol pyruvate and erythrose-4-phosphate as ultimate precursors. This observation is consistent with that expected if the shikimate pathway is involved in the biosynthesis of these moieties. Enrichment attributable to phosphoenol pyruvate precursors was observed at C1 and C6 of the aromatic ring, as well as into the carboxylate group, while scrambling of the label into C2 was not. This pattern suggests 1 was biosynthesized from early intermediates of the shikimate pathway and not through later shikimate intermediates or aromatic amino acid precursors.

It is made in the body, but can also be consumed through food

Miscellaneous classes of plant secondary metabolites – polyacetylenes, polyenes, cyanogenic glycosides, glucosinolates, nonprotein amino acids – and their biosynthetic precursors. Glc, glucose.

Patent US7771736 - Glyphosate formulations and their …

AB - (Chemical Equation Presented) The biosynthesis of the 3,4-dihydroxybenzoate moieties of the siderophore petrobactin, produced by B. anthracis str. Sterne, was probed by isotopic feeding experiments in iron-deficient media with a mixture of unlabeled and D-[13C6]glucose at a ratio of 5:1 (w/w). After isolation of the labeled siderophore, analysis of the isotopomers was conducted via one-dimensional 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy, as well as 13C-13C DQFCOSY spectroscopy. Isotopic enrichment and 13C-13C coupling constants in the aromatic ring of the isolated siderophore suggested the predominant route for the construction of the carbon backbone of 3,4-DHB (1) involved phosphoenol pyruvate and erythrose-4-phosphate as ultimate precursors. This observation is consistent with that expected if the shikimate pathway is involved in the biosynthesis of these moieties. Enrichment attributable to phosphoenol pyruvate precursors was observed at C1 and C6 of the aromatic ring, as well as into the carboxylate group, while scrambling of the label into C2 was not. This pattern suggests 1 was biosynthesized from early intermediates of the shikimate pathway and not through later shikimate intermediates or aromatic amino acid precursors.

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