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we propose a prenatal stress exposure hypothesis ..

The author first introduces the Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis, which claims that language has strong influence on culture.

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Feb17 - Does stress cause the common cold …

All-in-all, there is usually no need to go beyond common-sense, routine precautions – and certainly no need for germaphobia. Best wishes for a happy, healthy summer, from our families to yours!

The intent of the inoculation stress hypothesis of environmental enrichment is to ..

In summary, the review of literature suggests that winter swimming (in other words, sudden immersion in ice-cold water) may pose serious risks to health and it is possible that exposure to cold can be safer if it is brief and does not involve psychological distress, inhalation of cold air, and hypothermia. Further studies would be needed to assess the safety of the relatively non-stressful regimen of cold hydrotherapy that is proposed in this paper. At the same time, minimally stressful exposure to moderate cold still seems to have significant physiological and immunological effects [,,,], which may be useful for enhancing anti-tumor immunity according to our hypothesis.

Social support, stress, and the buffering hypothesis: A ..

Proponents use incorrect “facts” and logical fallacies such as straw men, appeals to authority, and false comparison in their arguments....

Parents are the first teachers – the ones who instruct young children to wash their hands before eating and after using the bathroom. This is a common sense measure to help prevent spreading infections. So is disinfecting frequently touched hard surfaces when there is sickness in the family.

In 1959, a paper by Meyer (Mike) Friedman and Ray Rosenman appeared in the Journal of the American Medical Association entitled “Association of specific overt behavior patterns with blood and cardiovascular findings: Blood cholesterol level, blood clotting time, incidence of arcus senilis and clinical coronary artery disease.” (Friedman & Rosenman, 1959) The subtitle linking specific behavioral traits with things like blood cholesterol, clotting time, arcus senilis and coronary disease that had no apparent relationship to each other must have seemed strange to many readers. Neither of these two cardiologists had any expertise in psychology, which may have been fortuitous, since they had no preconceived notions. What they did have was an unusual combination of curiosity, diagnostic acumen and a bio-psychosocial approach to the patient as a person, rather than someone to be treated in a cookbook fashion based on laboratory tests, symptoms or signs.

Hygiene Hypothesis, Germaphobia: Should Moms Stress …

Industry and markets are in the city, attracting buyers who want to have the convenience of living near commercial properties.

As our understanding and ability to measure Type A improves, it is possible that certain components such as time urgency, latent hostility, aggressiveness, or authoritarianism may be found to have a greater predictive significance for coronary heart disease. In particular, it has been proposed that “hostility” correlates best with coronary disease. (Williams 1984) This conclusion is based on responses to the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI), a 566-item questionnaire developed in 1937 that rapidly became the gold standard for psychological testing of hundreds of thousands of college students and prospective employees. For example, by analyzing responses to various MMPI questions that comprised a subscale, one could screen for tendencies to such undesirable things as schizophrenia, depression, paranoia and introversion. About 50 years ago, two psychologists, Cook and Medley, selected 50 items to group into what they called a hostility (Ho) subscale that could differentiate between teachers who were most likely to have good or poor rapport with students. Redford and colleagues showed that a follow-up of individuals who scored high on Ho scale ratings had significantly higher mortality rates from coronary heart disease. They also reported that the Ho rating scale could be further separated into subscales that measure cynicism and paranoid alienation. However, neither the Ho nor either of its subscales measures anger, irritability or aggression, which are the hallmarks of hostility. Rather, they are more apt to reflect neuroticism and psychopathologic traits that are not predictive of coronary disease.

This work hypothesizes that repeated cold stress may reduce fatigue in CFS because brief exposure to cold may transiently reverse some physiological changes associated with this illness. For example, exposure to cold can activate components of the reticular activating system such as raphe nuclei and locus ceruleus, which can result in activation of behavior and increased capacity of the CNS to recruit motoneurons. Cold stress has also been shown to reduce the level of serotonin in most regions of the brain (except brainstem), which would be consistent with reduced fatigue according to animal models of exercise-related fatigue. Finally, exposure to cold increases metabolic rate and transiently activates the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis as evidenced by a temporary increase in the plasma levels of adrenocorticotropic hormone, beta-endorphin and a modest increase in cortisol. The increased opioid tone and high metabolic rate could diminish fatigue by reducing muscle pain and accelerating recovery of fatigued muscle, respectively.

Specifically, I will discuss the frustration-aggression hypothesis, defensive pessimism and the declarative-self concerning self-esteem.
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  • The stress-buffering hypothesis

    The Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis illustrates the stucture of one language strongly affect the world-view of its speakers....

  • Psychoneuroimmunology, stress and the common cold

    Answer Selected Answer Allostatic load hypothesis Correct Answer Cross stress from KHS 5523 at Wayne State University

  • stress and susceptibility to the common cold.

    stress and the common cold

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Zinc lozenges as cure for the common cold – A review and hypothesis…

Introduction: Based upon my personal experience visiting Basingstoke both before and after the construction of Festival Place, I predict that the hypothesis will be false....

Glossary of Terms: A - Physical geography

I begin my discussion with a reconstruction of Adolph Grünbaum's conceptual analysis of 'placebo,' and then use his notion of "intentional placebo" to discuss a typical experiment using the monoamine hypothesis, two drugs and a placebo....

Dumb Scientist – Cold weather really can make you sick

Hiccups can make people laugh. They are funny sometimes, but if they’re too hard or making you uncomfortable then they’re not really that funny at all. That’s when you need to understand what is causing the hiccups and how to stop them.

I was always pretty much with your mother on that


The National Institutes of Health (NIH) category III chronic prostatitis syndromes (nonbacterial chronic prostatitis and prostatodynia) are common disorders with few effective therapies.

Quercetin benefit and side effects, supplement - Ray Sahelian

If the theory is confirmed by empirical studies and the proposed approach is shown to be safe, then some form of cold hydrotherapy could potentially become a treatment option for some (non-lymphoid) cancers as an adjunctive immunotherapy.

First and foremost : Colds and the flu are caused by viruses

If the adapted cold swim is shown to be beneficial and safe in mouse tumor models, a similar regimen can be tested on human subjects, namely, adapted cold showers, 20°C, 2–5 minutes, preceded by a 5-minute gradual adaptation phase (expansion of the area of contact with water from the feet up), performed twice per day (morning and afternoon). The shower format is preferable in humans because the setup appears to take less time and effort compared to cold baths.

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