Intergroup Contact Theory: Past, Present, and Future
In psychology, the hypothesis might focus on how a certain aspect of the environment might influence a particular behavior.
Can Contact With Other Groups Reduce Prejudice
Everett (2013) presents an excellent overview of the research on Intergroup Contact Theory and how psychologists have used it to understand prejudice and conflict. As the article notes, friendship between members of different groups is one form of contact that helps dissolve inter-group conflict. Friendships are beneficial because of “self-expansion,” which is a fundamental motivational process that drives people to grow and integrate new things into their lives (Aron, Norman, & Aron, 1998). When an individual learns something or experiences something for the first time, his/her mind literally grows. When friendships are very intimate, people include aspects of their friends in their own self-concept (Aron, Aron, Tudor, & Nelson, 1991).
Descriptive research such as , and surveys are often used when it would be impossible or difficult to . These methods are best used to describe different aspects of a behavior or psychological phenomenon. Once a researcher has collected data using descriptive methods, a can then be used to look at how the variables are related. This type of research method might be used to investigate a hypothesis that is difficult to text experimentally.
A meta-analytic test of intergroup contact theory.
The first step of a psychological investigation is to identify an area of interest and develop a hypothesis that can then be tested. While a hypothesis is often described as a hunch or a guess, it is actually much more specific. A hypothesis can be defined as an educated guess about the relationship between two or more variables.
In the midst of racial segregation in the U.S.A and the ‘Jim Crow Laws’, Gordon Allport (1954) proposed one of the most important social psychological events of the 20th century, suggesting that contact between members of different groups (under certain conditions) can work to reduce and . Indeed, the idea that contact between members of different groups can help to reduce and improve social relations is one that is enshrined in policy-making all over the globe. UNESCO, for example, asserts that contact between members of different groups is key to improving social relations. Furthermore, explicit policy-driven moves for greater contact have played an important role in improving social relations between races in the U.S.A, in improving relationships between Protestants and Catholics in Northern Ireland, and encouraging a more inclusive society in post-Apartheid South Africa. In the present world, it is this of the benefits of contact that drives modern school exchanges and cross-group buddy schemes. In the years since Allport’s initial , much research has been devoted to expanding and exploring his . In this article I will review some of the vast literature on the role of contact in reducing , looking at its success, mediating factors, recent theoretical extensions of the hypothesis and directions for future research. Contact is of utmost importance in reducing and promoting a more tolerant and integrated society and as such is a prime example of the real life applications that psychology can offer the world.
Intergroup contact hypothesis / smoss2 - Sicotests
I enjoyed your post. That movie is a good example of contact theory, and you did a great job of explaining it. When I was reading your post and the other comments, I immediately thought of social identity theory. The students personal identities were very different (the jock, the nerd, the princess, etc.). Schneider et al.(2012) explains personal identity as an individual's sense their personal qualities (p. 340). Each character well well-defined and seemed to have a strong personal identity. The interesting part came when their social identities, or the sense of identity based on the groups to which they belong, from school began to fade and they form their own group (Schneider et al., 2012, p. 340). The best part about this example is that according to social identity theory, the identity that is expressed is affected by the situation (Schneider et al., 2012, p. 340). I believe that they all knew they would go back to their own groups at school, but the situation that they were in during detention allowed them to find common ground with each other.
I enjoyed your post because it was a good example of the contact hypothesis. The movie accurately illustrates the phenomena of people with different viewpoints coming together for a common goal. This seems to happen a lot in movies. There are always two enemies that find a way to put aside there differences in order to reach a common goal and in the end, they end up being friends even though they are just so different. I agree with Heather who said that there are not as many instances of people looking beyond their own social group to find friends and especially not love. Adolescence is a very awkward age where people are not as likely to stray outside of their social group in fear of being ridiculed by others (Arnett, 2012). Especially if one is popular, there is a very small change that they would look past the outer social exterior in those cases. Arnett talks about in-groups and out-groups of the social caste and that someone in the in-group is less likely to stray and help someone from a lower "caste" in the social system of high school.
Intergroup contact hypothesis ..
Intergroup contact: Theory, research and new perspectives
19/10/2012 · Examining the so-called “Contact Hypothesis ..
INTERGROUP CONTACT THEORY | Annual Review of Psychology
The chapter outlines a longitudinal intergroup contact theory.
The Contact HypothesisSmall Group Research - Samuel …
Contact Hypothesis - YouTube
Gordon Allport’s Contact Hypothesis | Facing History …
Once a researcher has formed a testable hypothesis, the next step is to select a research design and start collecting data. The research method a researcher chooses depends largely on exactly what they are studying.
contact hypothesis Flashcards | Quizlet
The contact hypothesis predicts that racial prejudice diminishes when whites and non-whites interact in a setting that fosters cooperation among people of equal status. This hypothesis has seldom, if ever, been tested using randomized experimentation outside the laboratory. This chapter reports the results of a randomized field experiment in which white students were randomly assigned to Outward Bound two- and three-week wilderness courses. In the control group, all the students in each course were non-Hispanic whites. In the treatment group, most of the students were non-Hispanic whites, but at least three of the participants were African-Americans. One month after completing the course, the white participants were interviewed by telephone. As expected, the group that experienced a racially heterogeneous environment expressed greater levels of tolerance than the control group. Although these findings require replication, the research design provides a template for future field-experiments examining the validity of the contact hypothesis.
The Contact Hypothesis and The Breakfast Club - …
This hypothesis, however, appears to be contradicted by the increasing number of terrorists who are well-educated professionals, such as chemists, engineers, and physicists.
Imagined contact hypothesis - Wikipedia
This choice between parametric and non-parametric models is based on the intrinsic nature of the data, and is therefore outside of the control of the experimenter. Therefore, you should always examine your data and conduct tests to verify the assumptions where appropriate.
"I have always been impressed by the quick turnaround and your thoroughness. Easily the most professional essay writing service on the web."
"Your assistance and the first class service is much appreciated. My essay reads so well and without your help I'm sure I would have been marked down again on grammar and syntax."
"Thanks again for your excellent work with my assignments. No doubts you're true experts at what you do and very approachable."
"Very professional, cheap and friendly service. Thanks for writing two important essays for me, I wouldn't have written it myself because of the tight deadline."
"Thanks for your cautious eye, attention to detail and overall superb service. Thanks to you, now I am confident that I can submit my term paper on time."
"Thank you for the GREAT work you have done. Just wanted to tell that I'm very happy with my essay and will get back with more assignments soon."