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Anxiety and the anticipatory struggle hypothesis.

Anticipatory Struggle Hypothesis), current (Variable Release Threshold Hypothesis, ..

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Known as the anticipatory struggle hypothesis.

It must be emphasized that stuttering occurs also without any expectation, namely at the onset of childhood stuttering – it is the main weakness of the Anticipatory Struggle Hypothesis being unable to convincingly explain the outbreak of stuttering – as well as very often in persistent stuttering, in spontaneous speech more than in reading. The crucial cause of the disorder is that too little attention is devoted for hearing one’s own speech and/or for the self-perception of breathing. Anticipatory struggle can cause a misallocation of attention, but the misallocation can also be caused by focusing too much on the content (the message) or on careful formulation (sentence planning), or by worry about the listeners’response. – Now, we can explain the distribution of stuttering events in connected speech more universally:

Revisiting Bloodstein's Anticipatory Struggle Hypothesis from a psycholinguistic perspective

Brocklehurst, P. H., Lickley, R. J., & Corley, M. (2013). Revisiting Bloodstein's Anticipatory Struggle Hypothesis from a psycholinguistic perspective. A variable release threshold hypothesis of stuttering. 217–237.

The Anticipatory Struggle Hypothesis

Cause and effect in stuttering: An examination of the anticipatory struggle hypothesis.

A more detailed exposition of the hypothesis, and its grounding within the broader theoretical framework of anticipatory struggle hypotheses, is available in the Journal of Communication Disorders publication:

A correlation between the expectation and the occurrence of stuttering was already described in the Anticipatory Struggle Hypothesis (; ): In reading, a word is more likely stuttered if the person anticipates stuttering on this word. In fact, found that 96 % of anticipations of stuttering were followed by stuttering, and almost 94 % of all stuttering events occurred on words on which stuttering had been anticipated. These results were broadly confirmed in later studies (see , for an overview) .

Anticipatory Struggle Hypothesis

hypothesis and the anticipatory struggle hypothesis, ..

and and (2013)Revisiting Bloodstein's Anticipatory Struggle Hypothesis from a psycholinguistic perspective: A Variable Release Threshold hypothesis of stuttering. Journal of Communication Disorders, 46 (3). pp. 217-237. ISSN 0021-9924

Causeandeffect in stuttering: An examination of the anticipatory struggle hypothesis on ResearchGate, the professional network for scientists.... Caus...

stutter ; psycholinguistic ; anticipatory struggle ..
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    An examination of the anticipatory struggle hypothesis on ResearchGate, ..

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    hypothesized to lead to hesitation and struggle, and then to stuttering, ..

  • continuity hypothesis - OR anticipatory struggle hypothesis:

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Full text of "NEW" - Internet Archive

However, I think it is not an increased muscular tension due to the anticipation of struggle, as Bloodstein believed, that results in stuttering – it may, at most, lead to more severe symptoms. But the expectation of struggle draws the speaker’s attention prematurely to the ‘dangerous’ word – perhaps, the speaker would substitute or postpone this word in self-formulated speech (which was impossible in the reading tasks). Or the speaker tries to prepare the articulation of the feared word onset – by means of ‘abnormal preparatory sets’, as assumed. Therefore, it might be the misallocation of attention due to an anticipation of stuttering that results in stuttering just at the expected position.

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Causeandeffect in stuttering: An examination of the anticipatory struggle hypothesis on ResearchGate, the professional network for scientists.... Caus...

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